The leading factors behind your missed menstrual cycle.
Experiencing a late period can be incredibly distressing. Apart from pregnancy, which is the most apparent cause, there are numerous other factors that can contribute to this occurrence.

What does it mean if your period is “late”?

While most people experience some variation in their menstrual cycles, with only a small number having precise predictability, it is normal for your period to be a day or two late. According to doctors, the duration of your menstrual cycle is measured from the first day of your period to the first day of your subsequent period, with an average length ranging from 24 to 38 days.

Therefore, it is not a cause for concern if your cycle has 28 days one month and 26 days the next. However, your period may be considered late if:

.Your last period occurred more than 38 days ago.
.You typically have very regular periods, but this time it has been more than three days since your expected period.

Intensive Exercise and Dieting:-

Making healthy eating choices and engaging in regular exercise can significantly enhance your overall health. However, excessive measures in these areas may lead to temporary cessation of menstrual cycles.

According to medical professionals, women who engage in excessive exercise or consume insufficient calories may experience a cessation of menstruation. This is the body’s way of indicating that it lacks the necessary resources to support a pregnancy.

When your periods cease due to weight loss, dietary changes, or physical activity, it is referred to as secondary amenorrhea. This means that although you used to have regular periods, they have now stopped. Some factors that may contribute to secondary amenorrhea include:

.Following a severely restricted calorie diet.
.Having an eating disorder such as bulimia or anorexia.
.Rapidly regaining a significant amount of lost weight.
.Engaging in rigorous exercise regimens, such as those designed for marathons.

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS):

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is a condition characterized by hormonal imbalances that disrupt normal ovulation, leading to the failure of egg release. When ovulation doesn’t occur, it is common for individuals to experience irregular, delayed, or absent menstrual periods. In addition to menstrual irregularities, PCOS can manifest in various other signs and symptoms, including:

.Excessive body or facial hair growth
.Hair thinning
.Weight gain or difficulty in losing weight

Doctors can diagnose PCOS by evaluating the symptoms and, if necessary, conducting tests. Treatment options for PCOS typically involve a combination of medication and lifestyle modifications aimed at managing the symptoms effectively.period is late, why?


Experiencing high levels of stress can have detrimental effects that go beyond impacting your mental health. It can also manifest in physical symptoms, directly influencing your menstrual cycle.

Doctors suggest that minor, everyday stress generally does not disrupt your period. However, significant stressors can disrupt the delicate hormonal equilibrium in your body, potentially leading to a delay in your menstrual cycle.

Examples of severe stressors include:

.Coping with the loss of a loved one.
.Preparing for high school or college exams.
.Dealing with unemployment.
.Navigating major life events, such as weddings.

Hormonal Birth Control:-

Hormonal birth control utilizes progestin or a combination of progestin and estrogen to prevent ovulation and conception. Various types of hormonal contraceptives include:

.Oral contraceptive pills: These pills are taken regularly.
.Contraceptive patch: This adhesive patch is applied to the skin and changed weekly.
.Vaginal ring: A ring-shaped device inserted into the vagina, which is replaced monthly.
.Injectable birth control: Administered by a doctor through a shot every three months.
.Hormonal implant: A tiny rod-shaped implant placed under the skin of the upper arm.
.Intrauterine hormonal device (IUD): A T-shaped device inserted into the uterus by a doctor.

Withdrawal bleeding, also known as a “period,” is a simulated bleeding caused by hormonal birth control. It typically occurs during the hormone-free week of pill, ring, or patch usage. However, if you choose to continue taking the contraceptive without the hormone-free week, you may experience light spotting or no period at all.period is late, why?

If you decide to take hormonal contraceptives continuously, it is generally considered safe to skip a period. Nonetheless, it is advisable to consult with your doctor to ensure it is suitable for your specific circumstances before proceeding.

Thyroid Disorders:-

Situated at the base of your neck is a butterfly-shaped gland called the thyroid gland. This gland plays a crucial role in various hormonal processes, including the regulation of your menstrual cycle. If you have an overactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism) or an underactive thyroid (hypothyroidism), it can potentially result in a delayed onset of your periods.

According to medical professionals, over 10% of women experience thyroid issues. These conditions can cause irregular or missed periods, often leading to confusion with symptoms of menopause.


It is uncommon for a young woman to start her period and immediately have a 28-day cycle every month. Usually, it takes a few years for things to stabilize. This is because the hypothalamic-pituitary-ovarian (HPO) axis is not fully developed in preteens and teenagers.

According to doctors, the HPO axis is the hormonal system that regulates ovulation and menstrual cycles. They explain that “the HPO axis matures and gradually regulates your periods over a span of a few years.”

By your late teens and early 20s, your menstrual cycle should become more regular and predictable.


Perimenopause refers to the phase between the reproductive years and menopause. It can last for a year or two, or even extend for several years until this transition is complete. During this time, your menstrual cycle may become irregular. For instance, one month you may have a 25-day cycle, while the next month it may be 29 days.

While experiencing perimenopause, it is normal to have irregular periods. However, if your periods become increasingly heavier or closer together, it is advisable to consult a doctor.period is late, why?

Perimenopause generally begins in the 40s or 50s, as menopause typically occurs around the age of 51. Alongside this transition, perimenopause often brings about additional symptoms, including:

.Hot flashes
.Mood swings
.Night sweats
.Cervical dryness

Never ignore a missed period:

By keeping track of your menstrual cycles, you will likely be able to promptly detect any variations. Consider setting up a calendar reminder or using a dedicated app to record your periods. Both you and your doctor can derive valuable insights from reviewing your menstrual cycle records.

Medical professionals require detailed information about your past periods to assess if any issues are present. While an occasional late period is often caused by something insignificant, it is important to consult a doctor if you frequently experience late or irregular periods, in order to eliminate the possibility of underlying medical conditions. | Best IVF Centre in Delhi

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