Overview of PCOD & PCOS:

Are PCOD and PCOS relative terms? Many women are confused about the difference between the two and often use the words interchangeably, especially when trying to understand the relationship between PCOS and PCOD, which is a common situation.

Despite their similarities, such as the fact that both conditions are related to the ovaries and involve hormonal imbalances, the truth is that they are quite different.

Now, let’s take a closer look at these two conditions and see what sets them apart.

What is PCOD?

PCOD is a condition in which the ovaries develop and release an abnormally high number of immature eggs during the ovulation cycle, resulting in irregular menstrual cycles. Due to the eggs being trapped within the ovary, the number of eggs produced each month increases.

Cysts are formed in the ovary due to the presence of incompletely developed and stored eggs, even though this may seem harmless. These cyst-like formations in the body also increase androgen production.

What is PCOS?

When it comes to PCOS, women between the ages of 12 and 51 are most at risk. PCOS is directly associated with infertility, primarily because it causes ovulation abnormalities to become more common. Recent findings indicate that infertility is the leading cause of fertility problems in women, especially in India.

Differences between PCOD and PCOS:

PCOS is an exhausting illness that can lead to infertility, but it is a metabolic disorder.

Factors of Origin:
PCOD is a condition caused by a hormonal imbalance, whereas Polycystic Ovary Syndrome is an endocrine system issue. Hormonal imbalances and genetics are considered crucial factors in both conditions.

According to studies, high levels of male hormones can prevent ovaries from producing hormones and eggs properly. Excessive androgen production has also been associated with insulin resistance and inflammation.

Effects of PCOD/PCOS on Pregnancy:
Not all women with Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome are unable to conceive, and it should not be seen as an obstacle to getting pregnant.

Around 80% of the time, women with PCOS can conceive with little assistance and have a successful pregnancy. However, due to the irregularities in their hormones, conceiving may be more challenging for women with PCOS.

Nevertheless, in order to become pregnant, one needs to have well-balanced hormonal cycles that allow the ovum to be released and fertilized by sperm after intercourse.

The high levels of androgens in Polycystic Ovary Syndrome may make fertility a problem for those who suffer from it.

Causes:

Causes of PCOD:
The exact cause of PCOD is still unclear, but there have been links established between PCOD and excessive levels of male hormones (hyperandrogenism), low-grade inflammation, insulin resistance, and heredity.

Other contributing factors to PCOD include early menarche, pollution, and unhealthy lifestyle.

Causes of PCOS:
The specific cause of PCOS has not been discovered. Several factors, such as increased testosterone levels, elevated luteinizing hormone levels, and increased prolactin levels, can disrupt ovulation and hormone balance, leading to PCOS.

PCOD/PCOS Diet:

Diet plays a crucial role in the treatment and management of PCOD. Weight loss through dietary modifications can help:

.Reduce blood glucose and HbA1C levels, lowering the risk of diabetes
.Lower insulin levels
.Improve cholesterol levels
.A low-carbohydrate diet is particularly helpful in losing weight and reducing BMI.
.Fresh foods like vegetables and fruits have a low glycemic index (GI) and aid in weight reduction and diabetes management.
.Avoid processed and packaged foods to lower the risk of hypertension.
.Maintaining good health is essential for preventing and treating hormonal diseases and conditions. The best treatment for PCOD and PCOS includes early diagnosis and following a healthy diet plan.

Treatment Options:

To address the complications of PCOS and PCOD, it is important to address the various symptoms of these conditions, such as hormone imbalances or irregular periods, in order to achieve hormonal balance.

Surgery:
Ovarian drilling is a laparoscopic procedure that removes ovarian cysts that produce hormones associated with fertility in women. Women who have tried and failed to find relief from fertility-related issues may consider laparoscopy as a last resort. Hysterectomy may be necessary in cases involving cancerous cysts and endometrial cancer.

Fertility treatment:
IVF (In vitro fertilization) and artificial insemination are fertility treatments for women with PCOS or PCOD. After fertilization of the egg in a laboratory using sperm, embryos are implanted into the mother’s womb. This is often considered a last resort for cases where medications and surgeries have been unsuccessful.

PCOD and PCOS Treatment at Motherbless Fertility Centre:

Motherbless Fertility Centre is best center for treating PCOS/PCOD problems. The state-of-the-art facilities offer comprehensive diagnosis and treatment with expert gynecologists. Motherbless Fertility Centre utilizes advanced infertility treatment protocols to help women conceive and deliver healthy babies.

The doctor may refer you to an experienced endocrinologist for ongoing management of PCOS symptoms. Lifestyle and diet management counselors are also available at the clinic.

To consult with your doctor, you will need to provide detailed information about:

Medical history
Symptoms
Past treatment history
Family history
Medical reports (if any)

PCOD/PCOS and Cancer Risk:

Millions of women worldwide are diagnosed with PCOD each year. However, there is no medical evidence establishing a link between PCOD and ovarian cancer.

Women diagnosed with PCOS are at an increased risk of developing endometrial cancer, which affects the lining of the uterus. This is often a result of chronic exposure to estrogen and is aggravated by comorbid conditions such as obesity, diabetes, and hypertension.

Women with PCOS may also have a 2 to 3 times higher risk of developing ovarian cancer.

The link between PCOS and bone cancer is not clearly understood. Researchers have not established a definitive link between PCOS and the risk of developing bone cancer. However, due to the hormonal imbalance caused by PCOS, doctors remain cautious.

Nevertheless, your gynecologist may recommend periodic screenings for bone and ovarian health if you have PCOS.

Conclusion:

Maintaining good health is important for preventing and managing hormonal imbalances and related conditions. The most effective treatment for PCOD and PCOS is early identification and taking the necessary measures to overcome the conditions and improve the chances of a successful pregnancy.

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